Hair transplantation is where hair grafts are extracted from the donor area of a patient to the areas with hair loss by using different techniques. Hair transplantation is a method that is used successfully for the people who have lost all of their hair or have lost some part of their hair as well as it is a method used for the hair loss caused by burns and injuries. Hair Transplantation is also an ideal treatment for patients with partial hair loss. While all of the techniques are focused to produce natural results, they have different stages and application methods. Prior to hair transplantation the patient's hair structure and the regions with hair loss are examined and the correct technique that will produce the most natural results is chosen.
The FUE (Follicular Unite Extraction) Technique is the most common hair transplantation technique. This technique is where the hair roots are extracted from the nape to the areas with hair loss by applying a local anesthesia. During the FUE method, hair transplantation is realized with thin pin needles called punch. Since the patient is under anesthesia, he/she does not feel any kind of pain.
In FUE technique, most of the time the donor area is the nape. The hair roots extracted from the nape are placed to the areas with hair loss problems.
The hair transplantation with FUE technique consists of 3 stages.
1st Stage: About one hour. The scalp of the patient is numbed using a local anesthetic. After examining the hair structure of the nape, arms, legs, back and chest of the patient, the area to extract the hair root is determined. Although most of the time the donor area is the nape, in some very rare cases other areas also may be used as the donor area.
2nd Stage: About 3 hours. The single hair roots (grafts) are extracted with 0.8mm punch from the donor area. These hair roots are planted to the front hair line in order to achieve a natural transplantation appearance. The follicles that have 2 or 3 hairs are extracted with 1mm punch in order to create a denser transplantation appearance. These follicles are planted after the single grafts.
3rd Stage: About 3 hours. The last details about the area to be planted are discussed and the area is anesthetized. The diameters and the depth of the follicles of the patient are calculated. The channels where the follicles are going to be placed are opened with especial lateral slits prepared for hair transplantation. When the channel opening process is completed the hair transplantation operation finishes.
The Percutaneous Technique is a very unqiue transplantation technique, it is the only technique that can be realized by very few clinics all around the world. No straight incisions are made during the Percutaneous Transplantation technique. The hair roots are placed into the round holes opened with the same diameter of the hair roots. The Percutaneous Transplantation technique is an advanced hair transplantation technique that heals quickly and produces a very natural appearance.
Since less solution is used in percutaneous hair transplantation comparing with the other techniques, the patient has less swelling. The percutaneous hair transplantation technique is more laborious and requires more details. In one session 4500-6000 follicles can be transplanted.
The DHI hair transplantation technique also known as unshaven hair transplantation that was started to be used in 2016 is also named hair transplantation with pen. During hair transplantation operations with the DHI technique initially no channels are opened for the grafts.
During the DHI Technique the hair roots are extracted from the donor without any cutting or shaving the hair of the patient. The DHI hair transplantation technique can be applied in two different ways according to the situation of the patient with the decision of the doctor. In the first method known as Protocol A; the hair roots are planted just after being extracted from the donor area. In the second method known as Protocol B; the hair roots are planted after a certain period of the time after being extracted.
The hair root transfer in DHI method is realized without opening channels (without making cuts). Since pens with very thin pins are used, the operation produces a denser result. The recovery period of the irritated area is faster than the other techniques in the operations realized by using DHI technique.